The Nadi Bay Declaration on the Climate Change Crisis in the Pacific was endorsed by the PIDF Leaders at the PIDF Conference on 31st July 2019.

Pacific Islands Development Forum and United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (2019) South-South in Action – South-South and Triangular Cooperation In Action – Pacific Islands Development Forum

GGGI, PGBC/PIDF, Regional Pacific NDC Hub (2020) Guide to Green Entrepreneurship in Fiji – Second Edition

1st High Level Pacific Blue Economy Conference – 23 -24 August 2017 – Full Report of Proceedings

Report of the Talanoa organised by PIDF with the theme “Youth Engagement for the SDGs” held in August 2018.

Report of the Talanoa organised by PIDF with the theme “The potential of Bamboo as part of Green Transformation” held in August 2018.

Report of the Talanoa organised jointly by PIDF and the UNOHCHR with the theme “Integration of Human Rights in the Achievement of the SDGs” held in August 2018.

Report of the Talanoa organised by PIDF in June 2018 to discuss the outcomes of the 72nd meeting of the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee.

The Republic of the Marshall Islands (2018) Tile Til Eo: 2050 CLIMATE STRATEGY – “Lighting the way”.

Fiji Low Emission Development Strategy 2018-2050 – a living document compiled in 2018 to define pathways to achieve low emission development in Fiji until 2050.

Fiji Government (2018) Planned Relocation Guidelines – A framework to undertake climate change related relocation.

Fiji Ministry of Forestry Strategic Development Plan 2017-2030.

International Civil Aviation Organisation (2017) Renewable Energy for Aviation: Practical applications to achieve carbon reductions and cost savings. Transforming Global Aviation Collection – Book 1.

International Civil Aviation Organisation (2017) Financing Aviation Emissions Reduction. Transforming Global Aviation Collection – Book 2.

International Civil Aviation Organisation (2017) Regulatory and Organizational Framework to address Aviation Emissions. Transforming Global Aviation Collection – Book 3.

International Civil Aviation Organisation (2017) Sustainable Aviation Fuels Guide. Transforming Global Aviation Collection – Book 4.

International Labour Office (2018) World Employment and Social Outlook 2018: Greening with jobs

International Renewable Energy Agency (2018) Renewable Energy and Jobs – Annual Review 2018

Global Green Growth Institute and Department of Trade and Industry of Philippines (2018) Best Green Business Practices among MSMEs in the Food Processing Industry of the Philippines.

Global Green Growth Institute and Department of Trade and Industry of Philippines (2018) Best Green Business Practices among MSMEs in the Food Processing Industry of the Philippines – Factsheet.

Pacific Region Infrastructure Facility (2018) Pacific Region Solid Waste Management and Recycling – Pacific Country Profiles& Territory.

Food and agriculture organization (2012) Greening the economy with agriculture.

Green Economy Coalition (2018) The Green Economy Barometer 2017 – The Transition just stepped up a gear.


Contribution of Marine Conservation Agreements to Biodiversity Protection, Fisheries Management and Sustainable Financing in Fiji. This study focuses on partnerships involving local communities with land-sea tenure rights and the tourism sector. It concentrates on the experiences and perceptions of the tourism sector, some of whom are local operators and resource owners.

Summary of the proceedings of the 1st High Level Pacific Blue Economy Conference that was organised by PIDF, together with many partners, in Suva, Fiji on 23-24 August 2017.

Report of the Symposium entitled “SDG14 Pacific commitments – 2018 Action Agenda” organised by PIDF and held under the patronage of Ambassador Peter Thomson, the United Nations Secretary General’s Special Envoy for the Ocean on 19th December 2017.

Report of the Pacific Maritime Technical Officers Workshop on Shipping Emissions held in Suva, Fiji on 7-9 February 2018 organised by PIDF in partnership with the Fiji Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport, the Maritime Safety Authority of Fiji, USP and the Micronesian Centre for Sustainable Transportation, with the financial support of the Government of France.

International Renewable Energy Agency (2018) Global Energy Transformation – A Roadmap to 2050.

International Renewable Energy Agency and Climate Policy Initiative (2018), Global Landscape of Renewable Energy Finance.

IRENA (2018), Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2017, International Renewable Energy Agency, Abu Dhabi.

This report, produced jointly by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the International Energy Agency (IEA), and the Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21), offers policy makers a comprehensive understanding of the options available to support the development of renewables.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2017) Employment Implications of Green Growth: Linking jobs, growth, and green policies: OECD report for the G7 Environment Ministers.

United Nations Environment Programme (2008) Green Jobs:Towards decent work in a sustainable, low-carbon world – Policy messages and main findings for decision makers.

United Nations and Asian Development Bank (2012) Green Growth, Resources and Resilience – Environmental Sustainability in Asia and the Pacific

The 2018 Biennial Report of the Commonwealth Secretary-General reports on the work of the Commonwealth Secretariat on its Reform and Renewal; Delivering on CHOGM 2015 mandates; Governance and Peace; Trade, Ocean and Natural Resources; Youth and Sustainable Development; and Transparency and Smart Spending.

Report published by the International Transport Forum at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on “Decarbonising Maritime Transport Pathways to zero-carbon shipping by 2035”.

The Suva Declaration on Climate Change was adopted by Pacific Leaders on 4th September 2015, prior to the Paris COP21 and the Paris Agreement. It guided Pacific island countries in their negotiations efforts leading to the adoption of the Paris Agreement.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), 2012. Tourism in the Green
Economy – Background Report, UNWTO, Madrid.

Paper prepared as the basis for discussion and deliberation by PIDF member States actively participating in the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) Emissions Roadmap process for the 72nd session of the Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC).

ICAO (2016) ICAO Environmental Report 2016.

IRENA (2018), Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2017, International Renewable Energy Agency, Abu Dhabi.

Timor-Leste’s Strategic Development Plan 2011 – 2030 reflects the aspirations of the Timorese people to create a prosperous and strong nation. The plan has been developed to inspire change, to support bold collective action and to plan for a better future.

Timor-Leste’s Roadmap for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs focuses on the development experience of Timor-Leste so far. It describes Timor-Leste’s roadmap and approach to achieving sustainable development, framed within the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Green Business Booklet – Produced by the International Labour Organisation’s Decent Work Team for South Asia, ILO SME Unit, ILO Green Jobs Programme and ILO Environment and Decent Work Asia-Pacific

Low Carbon Green Growth Roadmap for Asia and the Pacific – Turning resource constraints and the climate crisis into economic growth opportunities. This report was produced by United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)

ClimateWorks (Australia) Impact Report 2016-2017 ‘Building momentum’ outlines the work of the organisation and its planned contributions towards a net-zero carbon world by 2050.

The Pacific Islands Development Forum’s Annual Report 2015-2016 is the first annual report of this young organisation dedicated to the promotion and advancement of Green Growth and the Blue Economy.

Global Mobility Report 2017

UN Climate Change Annual Report 2017

The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2017

The Global Green Growth Institute’s Green City Development Guidelines

United Nations. Transforming our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway

Global Green Growth Institute Report: Infrastructure Finance in the Developing World – Public Finance Underpinnings for Infrastructure Financing in Developing Countries

Global Green Growth Institute Report: Infrastructure Finance in the Developing World – Involving the Private Sector and Public-Private Partnerships in Financing Investments – Public Opportunities and Challenges

Tonga Strategic Development Framework, 2015-2025

Kingdom of Tonga (2015) Intended Nationally Determined Contributions: Towards achieving the objective of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Vanuatu 2030: the People’s Plan

Vanuatu 2030: the People’s Plan – M & E Framework

Ministry of Environment, Climate Change, Disaster Management and Meteorology (2012) Solomon Islands National Climate Change Policy: 2012 – 2017

Solomon Islands Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (now the NDC)

Solomon Islands National Development Strategy, 2016 to 2035 – Improving the Social and Economic Livelihoods of all Solomon Islanders

Ministry of Environment, Conservation and Meteorology (2008) Solomon Islands National Adaptation Programmes of Action

Fiji’s 5 year and 20 year National Development Plan was launched at a special event during COP23 in Bonn, Germany in November 2017.

Ministry of Strategic Planning, National Development and Statistics (2014) A Green Growth Framework for Fiji – Restoring the Balance in Development that is Sustainable for Our Future.

Fiji NDC Implementation Roadmap 2017-2030: Setting a pathway for emissions reduction target under the Paris Agreement. The NDC Implementation Roadmap 2017-2030 was developed under the guidance of the Ministry of Economy with support from the Global Green Growth Institute.

Fiji’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (now its NDC).

The World Bank and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (2016) The Cost of Air Pollution – Strengthening the Economic Case for Action

World Health Organisation (2016) Ambient Air Pollution: A global assessment of exposure and burden of disease.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation’s Global Burden of Disease Project and the Health Effects Institute (2017) STATE OF

International Energy Agency (2016) Energy and Air Pollution – World Energy Outlook Special Report

Government of Vanuatu (2016) Vanuatu National Energy Road Map 2016-2030

Tuvalu Electricity Corporation (2012) Enetise Tutumau 2012-2020 – Master Plan for Renewable Electricity and Energy Efficiency in Tuvalu.


His Majesty’s Government of the Kingdom of Tonga (2010) TONGA ENERGY ROADMAP 2010 ‐ 2020.


Government of Fiji (2013) Fiji National Energy Policy 2013-2020.

Spratt, David & Ian Dunlop (2017) What Lies Beneath – The Scientific Understatement of Climate Risks. Breakthrough Publications.
This report argues for an urgent risk reframing of climate research and the IPCC reports.

Dunlop, Ian & David Spratt (2017) Disaster Alley: Climate Change, Conflict & Risk. Breakthrough Publications.
This report looks at climate change and conflict issues through the lens of sensible risk-management to draw new conclusions about the challenges we now face.

Report on the participation of the Pacific Islands Development Forum (PIDF) at the UNFCCC 23rd Conference of Parties (COP23) held in Bonn, Germany 6 – 17 November 2017.

Sartor, O. (2018) Implementing coal transitions: Insights from case studies of major coal-consuming economies. A Summary Report of the Coal Transitions project. IDDRI.

Influence Map (2018) Decision time for the IMO on climate – The polarized struggle among states for ambitious climate policy on shipping.

Coady David, Ian Parry, Louis Sears, and Baoping Shang (2015) How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? IMF Working Paper 15/105.

Sustainable Low Carbon Transport Partnership report (2018)
2018 Voluntary National Reviews: Showcasing the Critical Role of the Transport Sector to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals – PRELIMINAY RESULTS [DRAFT REPORT]

Government of the Republic of Fiji (2017) Climate Vulnerability Assessment – Making Fiji climate resilient.

Hall Dale, Nikita Pavlenko, and Nic Lutsey (2018) Beyond road vehicles: Survey of zero-emission technology options across the transport sector.

German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and World Resources Institute (WRI) (2018) Connecting the Dots: Elements for a Joined-Up Implementation of the 2030 Agenda and Paris Agreement.

Framework for Resilient Development in the Pacific – An Integrated Approach to Address Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management (FRDP) 2017 – 2030.

UNESCO Office for the Pacific States (2018) #UNESCO4thePacific – Biennial Report 2016-17.

Final Report of the “Our Ocean” Conference, Malta, 5-6 October 2017.

Green Growth Knowledge Platform Research Committee on Measurement & Indicators (2016) Measuring Inclusive Green Growth at the Country Level – Taking Stock of Measurement Approaches and Indicators. Working Paper 02.

Asian Development Bank Annual Report 2017 – Sustainable Infrastructure for Future Needs.

The Green Climate Fund’s Private Sector Facility (2017) A global fund created to support developing countries take on climate action by investing in low emission and climate-resilient development.

Lindfield, Michael and Florian Steinberg (Eds.) 2018. Green Cities. Asian Development Bank Urban Development Series.

Pacific Islands Literacy and Numeracy Assessment 2018 – Implementation Manual for National Coordinators.

Hammer, S. et al. (2011), “Cities and Green Growth: A Conceptual Framework”, OECD Regional Development Working Papers 2011/08, OECD Publishing.

ICLEI (2018) Resilient Cities Report 2018: Tracking local progress on the resilience targets of SDG 11.

SPREP (2018) Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines for Coastal Tourism Development in Pacific Island Countries and Territories.

Walsh, Melissa (2018) Finance for Pacific Ocean Governance. Part 1: Background. Published by the Pacific Ocean Finance Program, Office of the Pacific Ocean Commissioner and Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency.


Market Development Facility (2015) Inclusive Sector Growth Strategy, for Poverty Reduction and WEE Fiji Horticulture and Agro Export Sector

RIGHT UNDER YOUR FEET: Soil Health and the Climate Crisis (2018) Report by The Climate Reality Project.

BusinessGreen (2018) SECRETS OF THE DISRUPTORS 2018 – Disrupt markets. Tackle climate change.

Climate Science Special Report: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume I [Wuebbles, D.J., D.W. Fahey, K.A. Hibbard, D.J. Dokken, B.C. Stewart, and T.K. Maycock (eds.)]. U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, USA, 470 pp.

FAO and INBAR. 2018. Bamboo for land restoration. INBAR Policy Synthesis Report 4. INBAR: Beijing, China.

Oil Change International (2019) Drilling Towards Disaster: Why U.S. Oil and Gas Expansion Is Incompatible with Climate Limits

Resilience and Capacity Building for SIDS – Support by the Kingdom of The Netherlands to the challenges posed by climate change for Small Island Developing States (SIDS)

Halim Ronald A., Tristan Smith and Dominik Englert (2019) Understanding the Economic Impacts of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Policies on Shipping What Is the State of the Art of Current Modeling Approaches? World Bank Climate Change Global Theme – Policy Research Working Paper 8695

SPREP (2018) Regulating Plastics in Pacific Island Countries – a guide for policymakers and legislative drafters.

UN Environment (2019) Environmental Rule of Law- First Global Report. The report individuates the governance system of various countries and simultaneously presses upon the conditional differences in various aspects of Environmental Management.

WWF – Principles for a Sustainable Blue Economy

IRENA (2019) A new world – The Geopolitics of the Energy Transformation.

The Climate Group (2019) BUSINESS DRIVING DEMAND FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES – EV100 Progress and Insights Annual Report, February 2019

2018 State of Green Business
This is the 11th annual edition of State of Green Business, offering an assessment of how, and how much, the private sector is addressing its environmental impacts. The trends highlighted in the report reflect some of the untapped potential of sustainable business: to go beyond cutting costs and reducing risks, by fostering product innovation, new revenue streams and new business models.

IPCC (2018) GLOBAL WARMING OF 1.5 °C: Summary for Policymakers – an IPCC special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty.

IFC (2018) From the Farm to the Tourist’s Table – A Study of Fresh Produce Demand from Fiji’s Hotels and Resorts.

IFC (2015) Vanuatu Agri-Tourism Linkages: A Baseline Study of Agri Demand from Port Vila’s Hospitality Sector.

IFC (2014) Assessment of the Economic Impact of Cruise Ships to Vanuatu Report.

Republic of Fiji (2018) National Adaptation Plan – A Pathway towards Climate Resilience.

Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (2014) Perspectives on Climate Engineering from Pacific Small Island States. Workshop Report. IASS Working Paper.

CE Delft (2017) Regulating speed: a short-term measure to reduce maritime GHG emissions.

Ash, N. and Scarbrough, T., ‘Sailing on solar: Could green ammonia decarbonise international shipping?’, Environmental Defense Fund, London, 2019.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, U.K. (2019) Clean Air Strategy 2019. The Clean Air Strategy shows how we will tackle all sources of air pollution, making our air healthier to breathe, protecting nature and boosting the economy.

Special Representative of the Secretary-General on the issue of human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises (2011) Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights: Implementing the United Nations ‘Protect, Respect and Remedy’ Framework. UNOHCHR.

Gassner, P., Yakub, N., Kaitu’u, J., Wendt, H., Westerveld, L., Macmillan-Lawler, M., Davey, K., Baker, E., Clark, M., Fernandes, L. (2019) Marine Atlas. Maximizing Benefits for Fiji. MACBIO (GIZ/IUCN/SPREP): Suva, Fiji. 88 pp.

Gassner, P., Westerveld, L., Abeta, R., Macmillan-Lawler, M., Davey, K., Baker, E., Clark, M., Kaitu’u, J., Wendt, H., Fernandes, L. (2019) Marine Atlas. Maximizing Benefits for Kiribati. MACBIO (GIZ/IUCN/SPREP): Suva, Fiji. 72 pp.

Gassner, P., Wini-Simeon, L., Masu, R., Vave-Karamui, A., Nicolay-Grosse, H., Westerveld, L., Macmillan-Lawler, M., Davey, K., Baker, E., Clark, M., Fernandes, L. (2019). Marine Atlas. Maximizing Benefits for Solomon Islands. MACBIO (GIZ/IUCN/SPREP): Suva, Fiji. 80 pp.

Gassner P., Westerveld L., Fonua E., Takau L., MatotoA. L., Kula T., Macmillan-Lawler M., Davey K., Baker E., Clark M., Kaitu’uJ., Wendt H., Fernandes L. (2019)Marine Atlas. Maximizing Benefits for Tonga.MACBIO (GIZ/IUCN/SPREP): Suva, Fiji. 84 pp.

Gassner, P., Molisa, V., Westerveld, L., Macmillan-Lawler, M., Davey, K., Baker, E., Clark, M., Kaitu’u, J., Wendt, H., Fernandes, L. (2019). Marine Atlas. Maximizing Benefits for Vanuatu. MACBIO (GIZ/IUCN/SPREP): Suva, Fiji. 84 pp.

ClimateWorks Australia (2018) Horizon to horizon – A Pacific Island country guide to creating long term climate resilience, net zero emissions development and a sustainable future.

United Nations (2019) Financing for Sustainable Development Report 2019 – Report of the Inter-agency Task Force on Financing for Development.

REPORT OF THE SIDE-EVENT AT THIRD PACIFIC REGIONAL ENERGY & TRANSPORT MINISTERS’ MEETING. The High Ambition Coalition for Shipping Emissions Reduction – April 27 2017, Fa’onelua Convention Centre, Nuku’alofa, Tonga.

SLoCaT (2018). Transport and Climate Change Global Status Report 2018.

Scheba Andreas, Ryan Blanchard & Setsoheng Mayeki (2017) Bamboo for green development? The opportunities and challenges of commercialising bamboo in South Africa.

The KBA Partnership (2018) Guidelines on Business and KBAs: Managing Risk to Biodiversity. Gland: IUCN. 24pp, 2018.

Spratt David and Ian Dunlop (2019) Existential climate-related security risk: A scenario approach. Breakthrough – National Centre for Climate Restoration – Policy Paper.


The Boston Consulting Group (2017) Green Leadership: A practical guide to winning in the Green Economy.

IMPLEMENTING THE EBRD GREEN ECONOMY TRANSITION – Technical Guide for Consultants: Reporting on projects performance against the Green Economy Transition Approach

United Arab Emirates – A Guide to Concepts of Green Tourism.

The 2020 Global Green Economy Barometer takes a broad look at the status of the global shift to green, fair economies.

IEA Bioenergy inter-Task project on “Measuring, governing and gaining support for sustainable bioenergy supply chains” – Main findings and recommendations

IEA Bioenergy inter-Task project on “Measuring, governing and gaining support for sustainable bioenergy supply chains” – Methods and tools to assess the sustainability of biomass and bioenergy supply chains.

IEA Bioenergy inter-Task project on “Measuring, governing and gaining support for sustainable bioenergy supply chains” – Approaches to creating trust in sustainability of bioenergy through effective governance.

IEA Bioenergy inter-Task project on “Measuring, governing and gaining support for sustainable bioenergy supply chains” – Understanding positions and underlying motivations of stakeholder groups relative to their perceptions of bioenergy.

Institute for Economics & Peace. Global Peace Index 2019: Measuring Peace in a Complex World, Sydney, June 2019.

Government of the Republic of Vanuatu (2015) Vanuatu Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction Policy 2016 – 2030.

Government of Ireland (2019) Ireland’s Strategy for Partnership with Small Island Developing States.

Tonazzini, D., Fosse, J., Morales, E., González, A., Klarwein, S., Moukaddem, K., Louveau, O. (2019) Blue Tourism. Towards a sustainable coastal and maritime tourism in world marine regions. Edited by eco-union. Barcelona.

Republic of Fiji (2019) National Climate Change Policy 2018-2030.

Network for Greening the Financial System (2019) A call for action – Climate change as a source of financial risk. Network for Greening the Financial System – First comprehensive report

Network for Greening the Financial System (2019) A sustainable and responsible investment guidefor central banks’ portfolio management. Network for Greening the Financial System – Technical document.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2018) Impacts of climate change on fisheries and aquaculture – Synthesis of current knowledge, adaptation and mitigation options.

IIED (2019) MEL Handbook for SDG 14 – Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. IIED, London.

Pacific Islands Development Forum (2019) Talanoa Series Report 7 – Sustainable, resilient and low carbon sea transport for Pacific Island countries – Suva, Fiji: PIDF.

Report of the 5th Pacific Urban Forum: 1-3 July 2019, Nadi, Fiji. Accelerating the implementation of the New Urban Agenda to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals in the Pacific.

Partnership on Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport (2019) Sustainable Transport: A Critical Driver to Achieve the Sustainable Development GoalsAn analysisof 2016 -2019Voluntary National Reviews.

Pacific Transport Forum and Expo “Turning the Tide: Decarbonising Pacific Transport” – Outcomes Record: 8-10 November 2018

State of Green Business – 2020 Report

Entrepreneurship and Innovation in the Pacific – WORKSHOP REPORT. HOSTED BY UNDP, USP AND SFI. JUNE 2019

The Carbon Trust (2012) Green your business for growth: How adopting a green growth strategy can give your organisation a competitive edge.

Principles, priorities and pathways for inclusive green economies: Economic transformation to deliver the SDGs.

How fair can be green: exploring the connections between equality and sustainability

Economics for nature – A partnership to put natural capital at the heart of economics

Burck Jan, Ursula Hagen, Niklas Höhne, Leonardo Nascimento, Christoph Bals (2019) Climate Change Performance Index – Results 2020.