Human Rights & Business

Human Rights & Business

The Pacific Green Business Centre recognises there is no real development in a country unless people’s rights are properly observed. Although the safeguard of people’s rights is primarily the role of governments, business also has an important role to play.

The 10 Principles of Business and Human Rights

The United Nations has developed 10 principles  to guide businesses in their human rights responsibilities.

The Ten Principles of the United Nations Global Compact are derived from: the  Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the  International Labour Organization’s Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, the  Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, and the  United Nations Convention Against Corruption. These are:

Human Rights

Principle 1: Businesses should support and respect the protection of internationally proclaimed human rights; and

Principle 2: make sure that they are not complicit make sure that they are not complicit in human rights abuses.


Principle 3: Businesses should uphold the freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining;

Principle 4: the elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labour;

Principle 5: the effective abolition of child labour; and

Principle 6: the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.


Principle 7: Businesses should support a precautionary approach to environmental challenges;

Principle 8: undertake initiatives to promote greater environmental responsibility; and

Principle 9: encourage the development and diffusion of environmentally friendly technologies.


Principle 10: Businesses should work against corruption in all its forms, including extortion and bribery.