Human Rights & Climate Induced Displacement

Human Rights & Climate Induced Displacement and Migration

During the International Civil Society Week 2017 held in Suva, Fiji between 4-8 December 2017 a Declaration on Climate Induced Displacement was discussed and endorsed. The Declaration and the meeting itself in Suva was moved by the Pacific Islands Association of Non-Government Organisations (PIANGO) with support from CIVICUS and the Pacific Islands Development Forum (PIDF).

The declaration fed into the Global Compact for Migration adopted at the Intergovernmental Conference to Adopt the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, the text of which was finalised by UN Member States on 13 July 2018. The Intergovernmental Conference to Adopt the Global Compact was held on 10 – 11 December in Marrakech, Morocco.

The Declaration on Climate Induced Displacement

The Declaration incudes commitments to recognise  and uphold the rights of people compelled to move as a result of the impacts of climate change, under international human rights law, including non-refoulement, self-determination, non-discrimination, and the full range of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights to which they are entitled. It also commits to consultation and engagement with impacted communities where adaption and resilience programs cannot prevent climate-induced displacement, forcing relocation.

The Global Compact for Migration

The global compact comprises 23 objectives for better managing migration at local, national, regional and global levels, as follows:

(1) Collect and utilize accurate and disaggregated data as a basis for evidence-based policies
(2) Minimize the adverse drivers and structural factors that compel people to leave their country of origin
(3) Provide accurate and timely information at all stages of migration
(4) Ensure that all migrants have proof of legal identity and adequate documentation
(5) Enhance availability and flexibility of pathways for regular migration
(6) Facilitate fair and ethical recruitment and safeguard conditions that ensure decent work
(7) Address and reduce vulnerabilities in migration
(8) Save lives and establish coordinated international efforts on missing migrants
(9) Strengthen the transnational response to smuggling of migrants
(10) Prevent, combat and eradicate trafficking in persons in the context of international migration
(11) Manage borders in an integrated, secure and coordinated manner
(12) Strengthen certainty and predictability in migration procedures for appropriate screening, assessment and referral
(13) Use migration detention only as a measure of last resort and work towards alternatives
(14) Enhance consular protection, assistance and cooperation throughout the migration cycle
(15) Provide access to basic services for migrants
(16) Empower migrants and societies to realize full inclusion and social cohesion
(17) Eliminate all forms of discrimination and promote evidence-based public discourse to shape perceptions of migration
(18) Invest in skills development and facilitate mutual recognition of skills, qualifications and competences
(19) Create conditions for migrants and diasporas to fully contribute to sustainable development in all countries
(20) Promote faster, safer and cheaper transfer of remittances and foster financial inclusion of migrants
(21) Cooperate in facilitating safe and dignified return and readmission, as well as sustainable reintegration
(22) Establish mechanisms for the portability of social security entitlements and earned benefits
(23) Strengthen international cooperation and global partnerships for safe, orderly and regular migration