Bamboo – Bambusa vulgaris

Bambusa vulgaris

In the Pacific it is found in Fiji, Hawaii, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste, Tonga and Vanuatu.


  • Stems are used for light construction, handicrafts, and are a good source of fibre for paper making
  • Young shoots are edible when cooked
  • Split stems are used for making brooms, fences, roofs, roof tiles, baskets, etc.
  • Smoke produced from burning the stem is used as a mosquito repellent.
  • Stems serve as poles to support banana plants
  • The canes have a high starch content, making them more susceptible to powder post beetle and dry wood termite than many other bamboos, therefore not normally used for long term construction.

Medicinal uses (Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally):

  • Stems are used as a treatment for rheumatism while the shoots are used against abscesses and malaria.
  • Bark is astringent and used to stimulate blood flow in the pelvic area especially during menstruation.
  • Leaves are used as treatment for heart problems and malaria
  • Can be boiled and used in bath to ease fever.

Bambusa vulgaris from the island of Vanua Levu in Fiji

Leaves of Bambusa vulgaris